Alexis de Tocqueville: Political and Legal Philosophy and Writings on Democracy and Liberalism

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Political and Legal Philosophy and Writings on Democracy and Liberalism

Includes discussion of his ideas of the future of democracy and threats of revolution.

See also Writings on Democracy


So true is it that in politics one must argue as in war, and never forget that the effect of events should be measured less by what they are in themselves than by the impressions they give.

Alexis de Tocqueville, The Recollections of Alexis de Tocqueville 265 in (Comte de Toqueville ed., Alexander Teixeira de Mattos trans., Macmillan Co. 1896).


Acemoglu, Daron, Georgy Egorov, and Konstantin Sonin, Social Mobility and Stability of Democracy: Re-evaluating De Tocqueville. March 31, 2016. Available at SSRN. 


Adolph, Robert, Whitman, Tocqueville, and the Language of Democracy, in The Delegated Intellect: Emersonian Essays on Literature, Science, and Art in Honor of Don Gifford 65-88 (Donald E. Morse ed.; NY: Peter Lang, 1995).

Aguilar Camin, Hector, Libertades de fuego,  22(256) Nexos 52-55 (April 1999).

Aguilar Rivera, José, Tocqueville y México, 22(256) Nexos 47-51 (April 1999).

Agulhon, Maurice, “Republicain” à la française, 13(1) Tocqueville Review 107-118 (1992).

Ankersmit, Frank, Metaphor and Paradox in Tocqueville’s Analysis of Democracy, in The Question of Style in Philosophy and the Arts 157-177 (Caroline van Eck, James McAllister, and Renie van de Vall, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Alexis de Tocqueville: zur Politik in der Demokratie: Symposion zum 175. Geburtstag von Alexis de Tocqueville (Michael Hereth and Jutta Höffken, eds.; Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1981).

Alexis de Tocqueville and the Art of Democratic Statesmanship (L. Joseph Hebert, Jr., and Brian Danoff, eds., Lexington Books, 2010).

Contains Alexis de Tocqueville, Speech Given to the Annual Public Meeting of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences on April 3, 1852; Susan McWilliams, Leading By Leaving; Aristide Tessitore, Aristotle and Tocqueville on Statesmanship; Khalil M. Habib, Machiavelli and Tocqueville on Majority Tyranny; F. Flagg Taylor, IV, Montesquieu, Tocqueville, and the Politics of Mores; Richard Boyd and Conor Williams, Intellectuals and Statesmanship? Tocqueville, Oakeshott, and the Distinction Between Theoretical and Practical Knowledge; William B. Parsons, Jr., Tocqueville’s View of the American Presidency and the Limits of Democratic Statesmanship; Thad Williamson, Changing the People, Not Simply the President: The Limitations of the Obama Presidency, a Tocquevillian Perspective; Albert W. Dzur, Moderating the Penal State Through Citizen Participation: A Neo-Tocquevillian Perspective on Court Professionals and Juries in a Democracy; Derek Barker, From Associations To Organizations: Tocqueville, NGOs, and the Colonization of Civic Leadership; Jon D. Schaff, The Tragedy of American Progress: Alexis de Tocqueville and Willa Cather’s My Antonia; L. Joseph Hebert, Jr., The Catholic Church in the Modern World: A Tocquevillian Analysis of Vatican II; Peter Augustine Lawler, Tocqueville On How To Praise the Puritans Today; Paul Carrese, Tocqueville’s Foreign Policy of Moderation and Democracy Expansion; Thomas L. Pangle, The Twofold Challenge For Democratic Culture In Our Time.

Alexis de Tocqueville and the Future of Democracy: Panel Discussion

Allard Olmos, Briseida, Tocqueville y los dilemas de la democracia (Panama: s.n., 1989).

Allen, Barbara, Tocqueville, Covenant, and the Democratic Revolution: Harmonizing Earth With Heaven (Rowman and Littlefield, 2005).

Allen, Barbara, Tocqueville’s Analysis of Belief in a Transcendent Order, Enlightened Interest, and Democracy, 8(3) Journal of Theoretical Politics 383-414 (1996).

Alulis, Joseph Edward, The new liberalism of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1987).

Alulis, Joseph Edward, The Price of Freedom: Tocqueville, the Framers and the anti-Federalists, 27 Perspectives on Political Science 85-91 (Spring 1998).

Anderson, R. L., A Frenchman’s Views of American Lawyers, 48 Law Notes 25-26 (October 1944).

Antoine, Agnès, Politique et religion chez Tocqueville, 18 The Tocqueville Review 37-45 (1997).

Argenio, Antonella, Alexis de Tocqueville e Hannah Arendt: un dialogo a distanza (Naples, Edizione Scientifica, 2005).

Aron, Raymond, La définition libérale de la libérte: Alexis de Tocquevile et Karl Marx, 5 Archives Européennes de Sociologie — (1964).

Aron, Raymond, Idées politiques et vision historique de Tocqueville, 10(3) Revue française de science politique — (September 1960).

Assayag, Jackie, Tocqueville chez Kipling: De la Democratie en Inde–Tradition et Modernité, 67(1) Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 99-124 (1989). English title: Tocqueville in Kipling: On Democracy in India–Tradition and Modernity.

Atanassow, Ewa, Patriotism in Democracy: What We Learn from Tocqueville, in Tocquevillian Ideas: Contemporary European Perspectives 39-58 (Zbigniew Rau and Marek Tracz-Tryniecki, eds.; Lanham: University Press of America, 2014).

Audier, Serge, Tocqueville retrouvé : genèse et enjeux du renouveau tocquevillien français (Paris?Editions de l’Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales : Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 2004)(Contextes).

Avramenko, Richard, The Grammar of Indifference: Tocqueville and the Language of Democracy, 45(4) Political Theory 495-523 (August 2017).

Avramenko, Richard G., The Phenomenology of Courage (Dissertation, Georgetown University, 2005).

Bagnoli, Paolo, Societa e politica. Considerazioni sulla filosofia della democrazia in Tocqueville, 52(3) Politico 505-522 (1987).

Baier, Annette C., How can individualists share responsibility? 21(2) Political Theory 228-248 (May 1993). Comparison of Tocqueville and Kant’s views on individualism and social responsibility.

Baglioni, Emma and G. di Salvatore, Tocqueville e l’âge nouveau, 2001 in 79 Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto 160-163 (2002).

Bailey, Elizabeth Anne, Tocqueville & Marx; the individual & society (Bachelor’s thesis, Harvard University, 1972).

Balitzer, Alfred, Politics and the “Arts of Peace”: A Study of Religion in the Political Order Drawn from the Works of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, 1972).

Banfield, E. C., The Illiberal Tocqueville, in Interpreting Tocqueville’s Democracy in America — (Ken Masugi, ed.; Rowman & Littlefield, 1991).

Bastid, Niklas Peter, Die Idee der Freiheit und der Demokratie bei Alexis de Tocqueville (Aarau: Eugen Kaller, 1953).

Barth, Niklas, Die Idee der Freiheit und der Demokratie bei Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of Zurich, 1953).

Bathory, Peter Dennis, The Science of Politics and the Art of Ruling: James Madison and Alexis de Tocqueville, in Leadership in America: Consensus, Corruption, and Charisma 11 (Peter Dennis Bathory, ed; NY: Longman, 1978).

Bathory, Peter Dennis, Tocqueville on Citizenship and Faith: A Response to Cushing Strout, 8(1) Political Theory 27-38 (Feb. 1980).

Bearry, Brian Anthony, Democratic Pantheism in the Political Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of North Texas, 2006).

Bedeschi, Giuseppe, Il pensiero politico di Tocqueville (Roma: Laterza, 1996)(I pensatori politici; 14).

Beem, Christopher, The Necessity of Politics: Reclaiming American Public Life (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999). Includes several chapters on Tocqueville and Democracy in America.

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Pour une lecture tocquevillienne de la crise française. Tocqueville le 1er penseur de la démocratie moderne. Université du Québec á Chicoutimi, 2015. Versions available here.

Benoît, Jean-Louis, L’actualité de Tocqueville, Caractères — (October 1990).

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Lorsque Tocqueville écrit B son évêque: Considérations tocquevilliennes sur les liens de l’église et de l’état, Revue de la Manche 19-31 (April 2002).

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Réflexions tocquevilliennes sur un paradoxe démocratique, in Tocqueville’s Voyages: The Evolution of His Ideas and Their Journey Beyond Time (Christine Dunn Henderson, ed.; Indianapolis, Indiana: Liberty Fund, 2015).

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Tocqueville et la Normandie

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Tocqueville, moraliste (Dissertation, University of Caen, 2002).

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Tocqueville, moraliste (Paris: Editions Honoré Champion, 2004)(Romantisme et Modernité; 19).

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Tocqueville aurait pas voté Bush.

Benoît, Jean-Louis, Tocqueville, ou l’exigence de la liberté, pour une éthique du politique, 6 Une certaine idée – (1999).

Berger, Benjamin Fred, The Rules of Engagement: Tocqueville, Arendt, and Democratic Politics (Dissertation, Harvard University, 2001).

Bernal, Angelica Marie, The Concept of Founding (Dissertation, Yale University, 2008).

Bernstein, Michael A., Comment: Tocqueville Versus Weber, 28 Law and History Review 235 (2010).

Besnier, J.-M., Tocqueville et la démocratie. Égalité et Liberté (Paris: Hatier, 1995).

Bilakovics, Stephen, Tocqueville on the Sources of Political Cynicism in Democratic Society, APSA Meeting Paper, Toronto, 2009.

Bledsoe, Albert Taylor, Alexis de Tocqueville and the Sovereignty of the People, 1 The Southern Review 302-352 (1867).

Boesche, Roger C., The Dark Side of Tocqueville: On War and Empire, 67(4) The Review of Politics 737-752 (Autumn 2005).

Boesche, Roger C., The ideas of freedom and despotism in the political thought of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, Stanford University, 1976).

Boesche, Roger C., The Strange Liberalism of Alexis de Tocqueville, 2(3) History of Political Thought 495-524 (1981).

Boesche, Roger, The strange liberalism of Alexis de Tocqueville (S.l.: s.n., 1980). “Prepared for for delivery at the 1980 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C., Aug. 28-31, 1980.” Available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Boesche, Roger, The Strange Liberalism of Alexis de Tocqueville (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987).

Boesche, Roger, Theories of Tyranny From Plato To Arendt (Pennsylvania University Press, 1995).

Boesche, Roger, Tocqueville and Marx: Not Opposites, APSA 2009 Meeting Paper. Download at SSRN.

Boesche, Roger, Tocqueville’s Road Map: Methodology, Liberalism, Revolution, and Despotism (Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2006).

Boesche, Roger, Why Could Tocqueville Predict So Well? 11(1) Political Theory 79-103 (1983).

Boesche, Roger, Why Did Tocqueville Fear Abundance? Or, the Tension Between Commerce and Citizenship, 9(1) History of European Ideas 25-45 (1988).

Bogardus, George, Alexis de Tocqueville: Threats to Freedom in Democracy (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1986).

Bonetto, Gerald M., Alexis de Tocqueville’s Concept of Political Parties, 22(2) American Studies 59-79 (1981).

Botto, Evandro, Libertà politica e libertà morale nel pensiero di Tocqueville, 73(3) Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 497-512 (1981).

Bourricaud, François, Les “convictions” de M. de Tocqueville, 7 Tocqueville Review 105-115 (1985/1986). English title: The “Beliefs” of Mr. de Tocqueville.

Breyer, Stephen, La dėmocratie en Amėrique à la lumière d’Alexis de Tocqueville, in Human Rights, Democracy, and the Rule of Law: Liber amicorum Luzius Wildhaber 961-967 (Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2007).

Brogan, Hugh, Tocqueville and the American Presidency, 15(3) Journal of American studies 357-375 (December 1981).

Brogan Hugh, Alexis de Tocqueville and the Liberal Moment, 14(2) The Historical Journal 289-303 (June 1971).

Buiks, Peter E. J., Alexis de Tocqueville en de democratische revolutie: een cultuursociologische interpretatie=The democratic revolution: the significance of Alexis de Tocquevillle for a cultural sociology : with a summary in English (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1979). Dissertation. University of Utrecht.

Caboara, Lorenzo, Democrazia e liberta nel pensiero di Alexis de Tocqueville (Milano: Hoepi, 1946, repr. 1986).

Caboara, Lorenzo, Democrazia e liberta nel pensiero di Alexis de Tocqueville (Milano: Hoepi, 1946).

Cabrera Macia, Mario, La idea politica de Alexis de Tocqueville (Thesis, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 1949).

Cafagna, Luciano, Tocqueville e la geografia dell’uguaglianzaProblemi del socialismo (5th series), 1990, at 25-46.

Çağla, Cengiz: Tocqueville: A Thinker of Freedom, in Tocquevillian Ideas: Contemporary European Perspectives 27-38 (Zbigniew Rau and Marek Tracz-Tryniecki eds.; Lanham: University Press of America, 2014).

Çağla, Cengiz, Tocqueville ve Özgürük (Istanbul: Belge, 2007). English translation of title: Tocqueville and Liberty.

Callot, Emile François, La pensee liberale au XIX siecle: a travers trois moments de sa formation, Benjamin Constant, Alexis de Tocqueville, Lucien A. Prevost-Paradol (Lyon: L’Hermes, 1987)(Science politique).

Cammarella, Bruno, La liberta in Alexis de Tocqueville (Rome: Gismondi, 1955)(Rassegna di cultura e vita scolastica. Bibliotechina, quaderno 4).

Campagna, Norbert, Die Moralisierung der Demokratie : Alexis de Tocqueville und die Bedingungen der Möglichkeit einer liberalen Demokratie (Cuxhaven: Junghans, 2001).

Capdevila, Nestor, Tocqueville et les frontières de la démocratie (Paris; Presses Universitaires de France, 2007)(Philosophies).

Capedevila, Nestor, Tocqueville et Marx: Démocratie, capitalisme, révolution (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2012) (Actuel Marx Confrontation).

Carius, Manuel, and Charles Coutel, La pensée juridique d’Alexis de Tocqueville (Arras: Artois presses université, 2005).

Carlier, J.-Y., Intégration regionale et démocratie: quelques réflexions à partir de la pensėe d’Alexis de Tocqueville, 39-40 Revue Burkinabė de Droit 9-20 (2001).

Carrington, Paul., Tocqueville’s Aristocracy in MinnesotaDuke Law Faculty Scholarship; Paper No. 1354 (2000).

Carrington, Paul D., Tocqueville’s Aristocracy in Minnesota, 26 William Mitchell Law Review 485-523 (2000).

Cassese, S., Tocqueville e il diritto amministrativo, 10 Revue Européenne de Droit Public 11-24 (1998).

Ceaser, James, Alexis de Tocqueville and the Two-Founding Thesis, 73 Review of Politics 219-243 (2011).

Ceaser, James, Alexis de Tocqueville on Political Science, Political Culture, and the Role of the Intellectual, 79(3) American Political Science Review 656-672 (1985).

Ceaser, James, Liberal Democracy and Political Science (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990). Includes three chapters on Democracy in America.

Ch’iu, Ch’ang-t’ai, Mei kuo min chu ti kuan ch’a chia: T’o-k’o-wei-erh (1805-1959)(sic): P’ing chien chi’i tui mei kuo tzu yu yü p’ing teng li nien ti kuan chi’a, 25(1) Ssu yü Yen 85-99 (1985, i.e. 1987). “Observer of American democracy Alexis de Tocqueville, 1805-59: an introduction to his thoughts on American freedom and equality.”

Challenges to party government (John Kenneth White and Jerome M. Mileur eds.,; Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992). Includes Wilson Carey McWilliams, Tocqueville and responsible parties: Individualism, partisanship, and citizenship in America at 190-211.

Chartré, Jean-Philippe, Le devoir de philo. Tocqueville, voterait-t-il Bush? April 22, 2006.

Chaussier, R., Les idées politiques de Tocqueville (Thesis, University of Dijon, 1949).

Chaumont, Jean-Michel, Individualisme et modernité chez Tocqueville et Arendt, in Hannah Arendt, confrontations (Lille: Association les Cahiers de Philosophie; 1987)(Les Cahiers de philosophie; 4).

Chevallier, Jean-Jacques, De la distinction des sociétés aristocratiques et des sociétés démocratiques, en tant que fondement de la pensée politique d’Alexis de Tocqueville. Communication à l’Académie des sciences morales et politiques, 1955.

Chichiarelli, Ezio, Alexis de Tocqueville, saggio critico (Bari: G. Laterza & figli, 1941)(Biblioteca di cultura moderna; 358).

Cicalese, Maria Luisa, I problemi dell’accentramento e della rappresentanza nel dialogo fra John Stuart Mill e Alexis de Tocqueville (1835-1840), 22(3) Il Pensiero Politico 462-476 (September/December 1989). English title: The question of centralization and representation in the debate between John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville, 1835-40.

Cipolla, Costantino. Tocqueville: il teorico della partecipazione (Bologna: Cappelli, 1978)(La Ricerca sociale. Nuova universale Cappelli; 9).

Clark, Manning, The Ideal of Alexis de Tocqueville (Melbourne: Melbourne University  Publishing in association with Manning Clark House, 2000).

Clinton, W. David, Tocqueville on Democracy, Obligation and the International System, 19(3) Review of International Studies 227 (July 1993).

Clinton, W. David, Tocqueville’s Challenge, 11(1) Washington Quarterly 173-189 (1988).

Clinton, W. David, Tocqueville, Lieber, and Bagehot: Liberalism Confronts the World (NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)(The Palgrave Macmillan Series on the History of International Thought).

Cofrancesco, Dino, Alexis de Tocqueville: L’archetipo aristocratico e il “primato della politica”, 22(3) Il Pensiero Politico 433-461 (September/December 1989). English title: Alexis de Tocqueville: the aristocratic model and the “supremacy of politics.” Part 1: the theory of freedom.

Colangelo, Carmelo, Uguaglianza immaginaria. Tocqueville, la specie, la democrazia (Naples, La città del Sole, 2008).

Coleno, Jean, The Rhetoric of Pluralism (Dissertation, University of Toronto, 2007).

Coldagelli, Umberto, Tocqueville e la crisi europea (Napoli: Istituto suor Orsola Benincasa, 1994)(Lezioni).

Commager, Henry Steele, Commager on Toqueville (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1993).

Commager, Henry Steele, Henry Steele Commager. Two videocassettes. Part 1: Lecture on Tocqueville. Part 2: Discussion of Tocqueville.

Commager, Henry Steele, Tocqueville: Centralization and Liberty (Palo Alto, Calif. : Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, 1977).

Commager, Henry Steele, Tocqueville: Centralization and Liberty (London: University Press of America, 1987).

Compana, Luigi, Dalle parti ai partiti, 14() Il Pensiero Politico 274-283 (1981). English title: From factions to parties.

Connolly, William E., Tocqueville, Territory and Violence, 11(1) Theory, Culture & Society 19-41 (February 1994).

Consolini, Paula Maria, Learning by Doing Justice: Jury Service and Political Attitudes (Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1992). Examines Tocqueville’s assumptions about the nature of the jury.

Coolidge, John Stanhope, Alexis de Tocqueville: The egalitarian pattern in democratic culture (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 1954). Recipient of the Susan Anthony Potter prize, 1954.

Corcos, Christine Alice, A Man For All Reasons: The Use of Tocqueville’s Writing in U. S. Judicial Opinions,  Liber Amicorum 481 (Olivier Moréteau ed.; Baton Rouge, Claitors, 2008). Available at SSRN.

Costner, Herbert L., De Tocqueville on Inequality: A Discourse on Intellectual Style, 19(4) The Pacific Sociological Review 411-430 (Oct. 1976). American Society at the Bicentennial:  Revising Our Understanding.

Cordie, Carlo, Tocqueville, 26(104) Cultura e Scuola 96-106 (October/December 1987).

Courvoisier, C. , Les fondements communautaires du civisme  du civisme démocratique: Rousseau, Tocqueville, in Mélanges offerts à P.-F. Gonidec. L’État moderne: horizon 2000. Aspects internes et externs, 141-154 (Paris, Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1985) (Gonidec collection).

Coutant, Arnaud, Une Critique républicaine de la démocratie libérale: “De la démocratie en Amérique” d’Alexis de Tocqueville (Paris: Mare et Martin, 2007).

Coutant, Arnaud, Tocqueville et la Constitution démocratique (Paris: Mare et Martin, 2008)(Droit et science politique).

Cox, Marvin R., Tocqueville’s Bourgeois Revolution, 19(3) Historical Reflections/Reflexions Historiques 279-307 (Fall 1993).

Coyne, Christopher J. Reconstructing Weak and Failed States: Insights From Tocqueville, (forthcoming in Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies).

Craiutu, Aurelian, Tocqueville’s Paradoxical Moderation, 67(4) Review of Politics 599-629 (Fall 2005).

Craiutu, Aurelian, Tocqueville and the Political Thought of the Doctrinaires, 20(3) History of Political Thought 457 (Autumn 1999).

Crettez, Bertrand, and Bruno Deffains, On the Role of Inequalities in Legal Systems: A Tocquevilian View. Available at SSRN.

D’Alemberte, Talbot, Alexis de Tocqueville, Atticus Finch, and Legal Services for the Poor in the Nineties, 7 Georgia State University Law Review 397-407 (1991).

Damrosch, Leopold, Tocqueville’s Discovery of America (NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2010).

Dannhauser, Werner J., Some thoughts on liberty, equality, and Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, in 2 Social Philosophy and Policy 141-160 (1984).

Dannhauser, Werner J., Some thoughts on liberty, equality, and Tocqueville’s Democracy in America,  in Liberty and Equality 141-160 (London and NY: Blackwell, 1985).

Danoff, Brian F., Alexis de Tocqueville and Authority in America (Dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, 2003).

Danoff, Brian F., Asking of Freedom Something Other Than Itself: Tocqeville, Putnam, and the Vocation of the Democratic Moralist, 35(2) Politics and Policy 165-190 (2007).

Danoff, Brian F., Educating Democracy: Alexis de Tocqueville and Leadership in America (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2010).

Damien, Roger, Tocqueville, la democratie et le conseil de la philosophie, in La democratie difficile 119-142 (A Tosel, ed.; Besancon: Universite de Besancon, 1993).

De Sanctis, Francesco, Carl Schmitt e Tocqueville, 2(1) Filosofia Politica 173-183 (1988).

De Sanctis, Francesco, Tocqueville: sulla condizione moderna (Milano: F. Angeli, 1933)(Per la storia della filosofia politica; 499.1).

Deane, Seamus, Burke and Tocqueville: New Worlds, New Beings, 31(1) Boundary 2: An International Journal of Literature and Culture 1-23 (Spring 2004).

Dietrich, William Stephen, Tocqueville and the primacy of the democratic transformation (Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1984).

Diez del Corral, Luis, La desmitificacion de la Antiguedad clasica por los pensadores liberales, con especial referencia a Tocqueville (Madrid: Taurus, 1969)(Cuadernos de la “Fundacion Pastor”; 16).

Diez del Corral, Luis, El liberalismo de Tocqueville, 9 Revista de Occidente 133 (1965).

Diez del Corral, Luis, La mentalidad politica de Tocqueville con especial referencia a Pascal: discurso de recepcion del academico de numero Excmo. Sr. D. Luis Diez del Corral y Pedruzo y contestacion del Excmo. Sr. D. Alfonso Garcia Valdecasas y Garcia Valdecasas (Madrid: 1965). Issued by Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Politicas.

Díez del Corral, L., Tocqueville y su Castillo, in Pensamiento jurídico y sociedad internacional. Libro-homenaje al profesor D. Antonio Truyol Serra 365-376 (2 Vols.) Madrid, Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 1986 (Truyol Serra Collection). 2 volumes.

Dittgen, Herbert, Politik zwischen Freiheit und Despotismus: Alexis de Tocqueville und Karl Marx (Freiburg im Breisbau: Alber, 1986)(Alber-Broschur rechts- und Sozialwissenschaft).

Dolence, David M. Tocquevillian Political Associations, Social Capital, and the Centralizing Tendency of Democracy in the United States (Dissertation, Northern Illinois University, 2006).

Drago, Roland, Actualité de Tocqueville (Tocqueville et l’administration), 139(4) Revue des Sciences Morales et Politiques 633-645 (1984). Tocqueville’s Relevance Today: Tocqueville on Administration.

Drescher, Seymour Irving, Dilemmas of democracy : Tocqueville and modernization (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Out-of-Print Books on Demand, 1988).

Drescher, Seymour Irving, Dilemmas of democracy; Tocqueville and modernization (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1968).

Drescher, Seymour Irving, Tocqueville’s Two Democraties, 25 Journal of the History of Ideas 201 (1964).

Drescher, Seymour Irving, “Why Great Revolutions Will Become Rare”: Tocqueville’s Most Neglected Prognosis, 64(3) Journal of Modern History 429-454 (September 1992).

Drolet, Michael, Democracy and Political Economy: Tocqueville’s Thoughts on J.-B. Say and T. R. Malthus, 29(2) History of European Ideas 159-181 (2003).

Drolet, Michael J., Discourse and Liberty: Tocqueville and the Post-Revolutionary Debate (Dissertation, University of Canterbury, 1990).

Duan, Demin, Reconsidering Tocqueville’s Imperialism, 17(3) Ethical Perspectives  415-447 (2010).

Dunn, Susan, Revolutionary Men of Letters and the Pursuit of Radical Change: The Views of Burke, Tocqueville, Adams, Madison, and Jefferson, 53(4) William and Mary Quarterly 729-754 (October 1997).

Dupuy, M. J., Le Theme de la personnalisation du pouvoir dans la pensee politique de Tocqueville a nos jours (Dijon: Association française de science politique, 1962). Presented at the “Colloque sur la personnalisation du pouvoir, Dijon, 9-11 mars 1962.”

Dutton, Denise Elizabeth, Holding Out Hope: Cynicism in Democracy (Dissertation, Princeton University, 2003).

Dworkin, Ronald William, The Rise of the Imperial Self: America’s Culture Wars in Augustinian Perspective (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1996).

Dzur, Albert W., Democracy’s “Free School”: Tocqueville and Lieber on the Value of the Jury, 38 Political Theory 603 (2010).

Eden, Robert, Tocqueville and the Problem of Natural Right, 17(3) Interpretation 379-387 (1990).

Eden, Robert, Tocqueville on Political Realignment and Constitutional Forms, 48(3) Review of Politics 349-373 (1986).

Erfani, Farhang, Left on the Road to Utopia: Social Imaginary in the Age of Democracy (Dissertation, Villanova University, 2003).

Eichthal, Eugene d’, Alexis de Tocqueville et la democratie liberale: étude suivie de fragments des entretiens de Tocqueville avec Nassau William Senior (1848-1858) (Paris: Calmann Levy, 1897; Washington DC: Library of Congress, 19–). One microfilm reel. Some parts previously published in Revue Politique et Parlementaire, 1896.

Eichthal, Eugene d’, Alexis de Tocqueville et la democratie liberale: étude suivie de fragments des entretiens de Tocqueville avec Nassau William Senior (1848-1858) (Paris: Calmann Levy, 1897). Some parts previously published in Revue Politique et Parlementaire, 1896.

Eide, Stephen D., Locke, Tocqueville, Liberalism, and Restlessness (Dissertation, Boston College, 2010).

Eisenberg, David A. The Disparity Between Man and Man: Nietzsche, Tocqueville and the Democratization of Humanity (Dissertation, the Claremont Graduate School, 2011).

Eliot, Natalie J., Letters, Liberty, and the Democratic Age in the Thought of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of North Texas, 2009).

Elster, Jon, Desires and opportunities: Alexis de Tocqueville’s political psychology (Deventer, the Netherlands: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1990)(Duijker Lecture; 10). Held February 14, 1989 at the University of Amsterdam.

Elster, Jon, Psychologie politique: (Veyne, Zinoviev, Tocqueville) (Paris: Les Editions de Minuit, 1990)(Propositions).

El-Yacoubi, Jane Merritt, The relevance of Alexis de Tocqueville to contemporary technocratic democracy (Master’s thesis, University of Colorado, 1975).

Enteen, Robert, Tocqueville’s manifesto : the critique of the levelling effect of equality (Dissertation, New York University, 1976).

Epstein, Joseph, Democracy at War, Wall Street Journal, December 19, 2005, at A16.

Etkind, Aleksandr, Inaia svoboda: Pushkin, Tokvil’ i demokratiia v RossiiZnamia: Literaturno Khudozhestvennyi i Obshchestvenno Politicheskii Zhurnal,, June 6, 1999, at 179-203.

Etchecopar, Maximo, Tocqueville: (idea y practica de la democracia) (Buenos Aires: Corregidor, 1983).

Exploring the Social and Political Economy of Alexis de Tocqueville (Peter J. Boettke and Adam Martin, eds., Palgrave Macmillan, 2020) (Mercatus Studies in Political and Social Economy).

Farmo, Moumouni, Du mouvement de la democratie chez Alexis de Tocqueville, et de son procès en Afrique (Dissertation, University of Ottawa, 1995).

Feldman, J.-P, Alexis de Tocqueville et le fėdėralisme amėricain, 2006 Revue du Droit Public de la Science Politique en France et à l’Ėtranger 879-901(2006).

Fishman, Joel, Hidden in Plain Sight: Alexis de Tocqueville’s Recognition of the Jewish Origin of the Idea of Equality, 17 Jewish Political Studies Review 3/4 (Fall 2005).

Fontmichel, Herve de, La Pensee politique d’Alexis de Tocqueville (S.l.: S.n., n.d.).

Frankenberg, Günther, Tocquevilles (sic) Question: The Role of a Constitution in the Process of Integration, 13(1) Ratio Juris (March 2000).

Franco, Paul, Tocqueville and Nietzsche on the Problem of Human Greatness in Democracy, 76 The Review of Politics 439-467 (Spring 2014).

Freund, Dorrit, Alexis de Tocqueville und die politische Kultur der Demokratie (Stuttgart: Paul Haupt, 1974).

Freund, Dorrit, Alexis de Tocqueville und die politische Kultur der Demokratie (Dissertation, University of Basel, 1973).

Frey, Klaus, Descentralizaçäo e Poder Local em Alexis de Tocqueville, Revista de Sociologia e Política No. 15, Nov. 2000, 83-96.

Fritz, Harry W., Racism and Democracy in Tocqueville’s America, 13(3) The Social Science Journal 65-76 (October 1976).

Frohnen, Bruce P., Constitution-Reading Through Tocqueville’s Eyes, 42 Capital University Law Review — (2014).

Frohnen, Bruce P., A Restless Tocqueville, 30(2) Intercollegiate Review 43 (1995).

Frohnen, Bruce P., Tocqueville, the Political Constitution, and the Social Constitution, Anamnesis: A Journal for the Study of Tradition, Place, and ‘Things Divine.’

Frohnen, Bruce P., Tocqueville’s Law: Integrative Jurisprudence in the American Context, 39 American Journal of Jurisprudence 241-272 (1994).

Gannett, Robert Tileston, Jr., Bowling NInepins in Tocqueville’s Township, 97(1) The American Political Review 1-16 (February 2003).

Galdieri, Christopher J., Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America and the American Enterprise, 42(1) Extrapolation 65-74 (Spring 2001).

Gauchet, Marcel and Paolo Flores d’Arcais, Tocqueville, l’America e noi : sulla genesi delle societ” democratiche (Roma: Donzelli Editore, 1996)(Fondaco di Micromega; 3). Translated by Gregorio di Paola.

Gayet, Cyril, Tocqueville et la genese des utilitarismes (Paris: L’auteur, 1995)(Memoire de DEA: Histoire et epistemologie de la pensée economique; Paris 1: Session de 1995).

George, Larry N., Tocqueville’s Caveat: Centralized Executive Foreign Policy & American Democracy, 22(3) Polity 419 (Spring 1990).

George, W. H., Montesquieu and De Tocqueville and Corporative Individualism, 16 American Political Science Review 10-21 (February 1922).

Giannetti, Roberto, Alla ricerca di una “scienza politica nuova”: Liberalismo e democrazia nel pensiero di Alexis de Tocqueville (Rubbetino, 2018).

Giannetti, Roberto, Alexis de Tocqueville: Nuove categorie di interpretazione, 69 Il Politico 297 (1994).

Giannetti, Roberto, Un “libéral d’une espèce nouvelle”: riflessioni su liberalismo e democrazia nel pensiero di Tocqueville, 31 Il Pensiero Politico 46 (1998).

Gibert, Pierre, Tocqueville moraliste, 401 (5) Etudes 552-554 (November 2004). Discussion of Jean-Louis Benoît, Tocqueville moraliste (Paris: Champion, 2004).

Gill, Emily R., Smith, Tocqueville, and self-interest rightly understood (S.l.; s.n., 1980). “Prepared for delivery at the 1980 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C., August 28-31, 1980.” Available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Glazer, Nathan, Tocqueville and Riesman, 37 Society 26 (May/June 2000) (The David Riesman Lecture on American Society).

Goldhammer, Arthur S., Tocqueville, Associations, and the Law of 1834, 35 Historical Reflections 74 (Winter 2009).

Goldstein, Doris Silk, Alexis de Tocqueville’s Concept of Citizenship, 108 Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge 39 (1964).

Goring, Helmut, Tocqueville und die Demokratie (München: R. Oldenbourg, 1928).

Gorla, Gino, Commento a Tocqueville. “L’idea dei diritti.” (Milano: A. Giuffre, 1948).

Gouirand, Pierre, Tocqueville et l’Action française (Apopsix, 2013).

Gould, John Allen, An Ontology of Tocquevillean Liberty (Dissertation, Yale University, 2001).

Graber, Mark, Resolving Political Questions into Judicial Questions: Tocqueville’s Thesis Revisited, 21(2) Constitutional Commentary 485 (2004). Available at SSRN.

Gray, John, Mill’s and Other Liberalisms, in Traditions of Liberalism: Essays on John Locke, Adam Smith, and John Stuart Mill 119-141 (Knud Haakonssen, ed.; St. Leonards, Australia: Centre for Independent Studies, 1988).

Grodnick, Stephen, A savior at work : Alexis de Tocqueville’s synthesis of liberal, strong democratic, and republican philosophies (Master’s thesis, University of Virginia, 2000).

Guellec, Laurence, Les langages du libéralisme après la Révolution française: L’Ecriture de l’instable dans la Démocratie en Amérique de Tocqueville, in Le travail des Lumières 697-715 (Caroline Jacot Grapa et al., Paris: Champion, 2002).

Guellec, Laurence, Tocqueville, l’apprentissage de la liberté (Paris: Editions Michalon, 1996)(Collection Le bien commun).

Guinard, Patrice, Alexis de Tocqueville: Visionary of Modernity.

Guo Weigui, The Harmony of Equality and Thinking: Research Into Tocqueville'[s] Democratic Thinking, Journal of Fujian School of Administration and Fujian Institute of Economics and Management, 2006-03.

Habermann, Gerd, Freiheit oder Gleichheit: ein Alexis-de-Tocqueville-Brevier (Bern: Hep, 2005).

Hadari, Saguiv A., Theory in Practice: Tocqueville’s New Science of Politics (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989).

Hamburger, Joseph, Mill and Tocqueville on Liberty, in James and John Stuart Mill: Papers of the Centenary Conference 111-125 (John M. Robson and Michael Laine eds., Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1976).

Hancock, Ralph C., Brownson’s Political Providence, with Some Preliminary Comparisons With Tocqueville’s Providential Statesmanship, 37(1) Perspectives On Political Science 17-22 (Winter 2008).

Hancock, Ralph C., The Modern Revolution and the Collapse of Moral Analogy: Tocqueville and Guizot, Perspectives on Political Science (September 2001).

Hand, Jonathan Bradford, Tocqueville’s “New Political Science”: A Critical Assessment of Montesquieu’s Vision of a Liberal Modernity (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 2002).

Harris, Katherine Elizabeth, Why There Are No Great Men in America: A Tocquevillean Perspective (Master’s thesis, Boston College, 1999).

Haselstein, Ulla, Seen from a Distance: Moments of Negativity in the American Sublime (Tocqueville, Bryant, Emerson), 43(3) Amerikastudien/American Studies 405-421 (1998).

Hebert, Louis Joseph, Jr., Individualism and Intellectual Liberty in Tocqueville and Descartes, 69(2) Journal of Politics 525-537 (2007). Available at SSRN.

Hebert, Louis Joseph, Jr.,  More Than Kings and Less Than Men: Tocqueville On the Promise and Perils of Democratic Individualism (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2010).

Hecht, Martin, Modernität und Bürgerlichkeit: Max Webers Freiheitslehre im  Vergleich mit den politischen Ideen von Alexis de Tocqueville und Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1998).

Heimonet, Jean-Michel, Tocqueville et le devenir de la démocratie: la perversion de l’idéal (L’Harmattan, 1999).

Hein, Michael, Die Entstehung der Demokratie in der Revolution: zur historischen Analyse der modernen Gesellschaften bei Alexis de Tocqueville (Nyack, NY: Lutzhorn; Circumstantial Productions Publishing, 2000). Discusses Tocqueville’s ideas of aristocracy.

Herb, Karlfriedrich, Alter Staat –neue Politik : Tocquevilles Entdeckung der modernen Demokratie (Baden-Baden: Nomos-Verlag-Gesellschaft, 2004).

Hereth, Michael, Alexis de Tocqueville: Die Gefährdung der Freiheit in der Democratie (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1979).

Hereth, Michael, Alexis de Tocqueville : threats to freedom in democracy (George Bogardus trans.; Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1986). Translation of Alexis de Tocqueville.

Hereth, Michael, Can Democracy Be Exported? Alexis de Tocqueville and “les moeurs.”

Hibbs, Stacey J., Saving Democracy From Itself: The Moral and Intellectual Horizons of Tocqueville’s New Science of Politics (Dissertation, Boston College, 1999).

Hidalgo, Oliver, Religion, Virtue and the Ennobling of Democracy: Tocqueville’s Vision of Civic Society, in Tocquevillian Ideas:  Contemporary European Perspectives 99-110 (Zbigniew Rau and Marek Tracz-Tryniecki eds.; Lanham: University Press of America, 2014).

Hochschild, Jennifer, Ambivalence About Equality in the United States or, Did Tocqueville Get It Wrong and Why Does That Matter? 19 Social Justice Research 43-62 (March 2006).

Holbreich, Matthew Nathan, Between Sovereignty and Freedom: Tocqueville and the Project of French Liberalism (Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 2011).

Holt, Sharon Denise, Alexis de Tocqueville on democracy (Master’s thesis, Louisiana State University, 1983).

Holmes, Stephen, Tocqueville and democracy,  in The Idea of Democracy 23-63 (D. Copp, J. Hampton, and J. E. Roemer, eds.; Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Horwitz, Morton J., Tocqueville and the Tyranny of the Majority, 28 The Review of Politics 293-307 (July 1966).

Hu, Yong, Research On Tocqueville’s Democratic Culture Thought (Master’s thesis, Wuhan University, 2002).

Il Teatro della politica: Tocqueville tra democrazia e rivoluzione (Federico Mioni and Jean-M-chel Besnier, eds.; Reggio Emilia, Italia: Diabasis, 1990)(I Muri bianchi; 1).

Individualismo, assolutismo, democrazia (Vittorio Dini and Domenico Taranto eds.; Napoli: Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 1992)(Pubblicazioni dell’Universita degli studi di Salerno. Sezione atti, convegni, miscellanee; 34). Proceedings of a conference in honor of Anna Maria Battista, Individualismo, assolutismo, democrazia : le categorie del pensiero politico moderno da Machiavelli a Tocqueville, held at Salerno and Naples, October 12-October 14, 1989.

Isaev, Sergei Aleksandrovich, Aleksis Tokvil i Amerika ego vremeni (Saint Petersburg: Nauka, 1993). Includes discussion of Tocqueville and Andrew Jackson.

Izquierdo Fernandez, Gonzalo, La libertad politica en el liberalismo del siglo XIX (Santiago de Chile: Editorial Universitaria, 1979)(Fasciculos para la comprehension de la ciencia, las humanidades y la technologia; 18). On Tocqueville, Mill and Lord Acton.

Jacques, Daniel, Tocqueville et la modernité: la question de l’individualité dans la Democratie en Amerique (Montreal: Boreal, 1995).

Janet, Paul, Alexis de Tocqueville et la science politique du XIXe siècle, 34 Revue des deux mondes 101-133 (July 1st, 1861).

Jardin, André, Tocqueville et l’Algérie, 115 Revue des travaux de l’Académie des sciences morales et politiques 61-74 (1962).

Jardin, André, Tocqueville et la décentralisation, in La décentralisation: Sixth colloquium on history organized by the faculty of letters and human sciences of Aix-en-Provence, December 1-2, 1961 89-117 (Aix-en-Provence: The Faculty of Letters of the University, 1961?)

Jasmin, Marcelo Gantus, Alexis de Tocqueville: a historiografia como ciencia de politica (Rio de Janeiro, ACCESS, 1997).

Jaume, Lucien, Entre droit de l’État et droit de la société: le choix de Tocqueville, Revista Electrónica de Historia Constitutional/Electronic Journal of Constitutional History No. 6 (September 2005).

Jaume, Lucien, Les sources aristocratiques de la liberté (Paris: Fayard, 2008).

Jaume, Lucien, Tocqueville (Paris: Fayard, 2008).

Jaume, Lucien, Tocqueville: The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty (Arthur Goldhammer, trans.), (Princeton University Press, 2013).

Jaume, Lucien, Tocqueville face au thème de la “nouvelle aristocratie”, 56(6) Revue française de sciences politiques (2006).

Jiang Yong-fu, The Control of Democracy: A Comparison of the Ideas of Constitutional Government by Constant, Tocqueville, and MillAcademic Exploration (2008-01).

Jiménez Díaz, José Francisco, La democracia liberal y las revoluciones contemporáneas en Alexis de Tocqueville, in Introducción a la historia de las ideas políticas contemporáneas. Desde la Revolución Francesa a la Revolución Rusa 97-117(Santiago Delgado Fernández and José Francisco Jiménez Díaz eds.; Editorial Universidad de Granada, 2008)(Clave CL).

Johnson, William Rick, Theory of community in Alexis de Tocqueville’s political thought (Dissertation, Duke University, 1981).

Jones, H. S. , “The True Baconian and Newtonian Method”: Tocqueville’s Place in the Formation of Mill’s System of Logic, 25(3) History of European Ideas 153-161 (1999).

Kagalkar, Pratibha, Tocqueville and Robert Dahl: Comparative Study of Democracy, in A Mosaic of Encounters 143-154 (Desai A. A. Mutalik, V.K. Malhotra, T. S. Anand, and Prashant K. Sinha eds.; 1999).

Kafka, Benjamin, The Imaginary State: Paperwork and Political Thought in France 1789-1860 (Dissertation, Stanford University, 2004).

Kahan, Alan Sidney, Aristocratic Liberalism: The Social and Political Thought of Jacob Burckhardt, John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1987).

Kahan, Alan Sidney, Aristocratic Liberalism: The Social and Political Thought of Jacob Burckhardt, John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Kahan, Alan Sidney, Aristocratic Liberalism: The Social and Political Thought of Jacob Burckhardt, John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2001). Paperback edition, includes new afterword.

Kaledin, Arthur, Tocqueville and His America: A Darker Horizon (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011).

Kaledin, Arthur, Tocqueville’s Apocalypse: Culture, Politics, and Freedom, 7 Tocqueville Review 3-38 (1985/1986).

Kaplan, Susan Linda, Tocqueville, patriotism and democracy (Bachelor’s thesis, Harvard University, 1995).

Karpiński, Wojciech, Tocqueville: filozof wolności, 6 Twórczość 130-132 (1974). English translation: Tocqueville: A Philosopher of Freedom.

Karpiński, Wojciech Tocqueville – wolność a demokracja, in Karpiński, Wojciech, Cień Metternicha, 125-146 (Warszawa 1982) 125-146. English translation of essay: Tocqueville: Freedom and Democracy. English translation of book’s title: Shadow of Metternich.

Kellenberger, Paulfritz, Mensch und Staat der Moderne bei Alexis de Tocqueville[, 1805-1859] (St. Gallen: Kommissionsverlag der Fehr-schen Buchhandlung, 1954)(Wissenschaftliche Beilage zum 98.Program der St. Gallischen Kantonsschule, 1954/55).

Kelly, George Armstrong, The Humane Comedy: Constant, Tocqueville, and French liberalism (NY and Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Kelly, George Armstrong, Parnassian liberalism in nineteenth-century France–Tocqueville, Renan, Flaubert, 8(3) History of Political Thought 475-504 (1987).

Kesler, Charles Reeder, Tocqueville and the new political science (Bachelor’s thesis, Harvard University, 1978).

Kiesinger, Kurt-Georg, Über die Prognosen des Grafen Alexis de Tocqueville (Tübingen: C. F. Müller, 1964).

Kissam, P. C., Alexis de Tocqueville and American Constitutional Law: On Democracy, the Majority Will, Individual Rights, Federalism, Religion, Civic Associations, and Originalist Constitutional Theory, 59 Maine Law Review 35-74 (2007).

Kitch, Sarah Beth V., The Immovable Foundations of the Infinite and Immortal: Tocqueville’s Philosophical Anthropology60 American Journal of Political Science 947-957 (October 2016).

Klein, Hans K., Tocqueville In Cyberspace: Using the Internet for Citizen Associations, 15(4) The Information Society 213-230 (1999).

Klein, Daniel B., Think Spiral: The Divided Brain and Classic Liberalism, 57 Society 614-626 (2020).

Koritansky, John C., Alexis de Tocqueville and the new science of politics : an interpretation of Democracy in America (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1986).

Kowalska, Malgorzata, Demokracja przeciw arystokracji, 72 Przeglad Polityczny 92-101 (2005). English translation: Democracy against Aristocracy.

Kraynak, Robert P., Tocqueville’s Constitutionalism, 81(4) American Political Science Review 1175-1195 (1987).

Kurczewska, Joanna,  Alexis de Tocqueville i wartości, 23 Archiwum Historii Filozofii i Myśli Społecznej 43-58 (1977). Translation of article title: Alexis de Tocqueville and values.

Kurtović, Š.,  Tocqueville: liberalizam i demokracija (što je Tocqueville tražo u Americi?),18 Zbornik Pravnog Fakulteta Sveučlišta u Rijeci, 299-320 (1997).

La Fourniere, Xavier de, Alexis de Tocqueville : un monarchiste independant (Paris: Librarie Academique Perrin, 1981).

Lacapra, Dominick, History and Reading: Tocqueville, Foucault, French Studies (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000).

Laboulaye, Edouard, L’etat et ses limites, suivi d’essais politiques sur Alexis De Tocqueville, L’instruction publique, Les finances, Le droit de petition, etc. (5th ed.; Paris: Charpentier, 1871).

Laboulaye, Edouard, L’etat et ses limites, suivi d’essais politiques sur Alexis De Tocqueville, L’instruction publique, Les finances, Le droit de petition, etc. (2d ed.; Paris: Charpentier, 1863).

Lacordaire, Henri-Dominique, Discours de reception a l’Academie Francaise Paris: Poussielgue-Rusand, 1861). Bound with Michel Chevalier, La liberté aux États-Unis. Essay on Tocqueville.

Laine, Jermu, Alexis de Tocqueville: Demokratian ja vapauden moderni yhteensovittaja (1999).

Lakoff, Sanford, Tocqueville, Burke, and the Origins of Liberal Conservatism, 60(3) Review of Politics 435-464 (July 1998).

Lamberti, Jean-Claude, Liberty and the illusions of individualism in Tocqueville, in Liberty/Liberté: The American and French Experiences (Washington DC & Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991).

Lamberti, Jean-Claude, Liberty and Individualist Illusions in Tocqueville, 8 The Tocqueville Review 153-164 (1986/1987).

Lamberti, Jean-Claude, Tocqueville and the freedom of the press, in Liberty of Expression (Washington DC & Lanham MD: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, dist. by University Press of America, 1990).

Lamberti, Jean-Claude, Tocqueville and the Two Democraties (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989).

Lamberti, Jean-Claude, Tocqueville et les deux democraties (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1983)(Sociologies).

Langston, Kenneth Travis Booker, The Democratic Decision: Tillich, Tocqueville, and Today (Dissertation, Emory University, 2004).

Laski, Harold J., Alexis de Tocqueville and democracy, in The social & political ideas of some representative thinkers of the Victorian age; a series of lectures delivered at King’s college, University of London, during the session 1931-32 (Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw ed.; London: G. G. Harrap & Co., 1933).

Laski, Harold J., Alexis de Tocqueville and democracy, in The social and political ideas of some represenative thinkers of the Victorian age: a series of lectures delivered at the King’s College, University of London, during the session 1931-1932(Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw, ed., NY: Barnes & Noble, 1967).

Laski, Harold J., Alexis de Tocqueville and democracy, in The social and political ideas of some represenative thinkers of the Victorian age: a series of lectures delivered at the King’s College, University of London, during the session 1931-1932(Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw, ed., NY: Barnes & Noble, 1950).

Laval, Christian, L’ambition Sociologique: Saint-Simon, Comte, Tocqueville, Durkheim, Weber (Paris: Découverte, 2002)(Recherches)(La bibliothèque du MAUSS, série économie solidaire et démocratie).

Laval, Christian, L’ambition sociologique: Saint-Simon, Comte, Tocqueville, Marx, Durkheim, Weber (Folio, 2012) (Folio Essais).

Lawler, Peter Augustine, Democracy and Its Friendly Critics: Tocqueville and Political Life Today (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004).

Lawler, Peter Augustine, Percy and Tocqueville on American Aristocracy and Democracy, in Seers and Judges: American Literature as Political Philosophy 101-120 (Christine Dunn Henderson, ed.; Lanham: Lexington, 2002).

Lawler, Peter Augustine, The Restless Mind: Alexis de Tocqueville on the Origin and Perpetuation of Human Liberty (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1993).

Lawler, Peter Augustus, Tocqueville on Socialism and History, 21(2) Interpretation: A Journal of Political Philosophy 181-199 (Winter 1993/1994).

Lawler, Peter Augustine, Tocqueville’s Elusive Moderation, 22(1) Polity 181-189 (1989).

Lawler, Peter Augustine, Was Tocqueville a Philosopher?: The Distinctiveness of His View of Liberty, 17(3) Interpretation 401 (Spring 1990).

Leca, Antoine, Lecture critique d’Alexis de Tocquevillle (Marseille: Presses Universitaires d’Aix-Marseille, Faculté de droit et de science politique d’Aix-Marseille, 1988)(Collection d’histoire des idées politiques).

Ledeen, Michael Arthur, Tocqueville on American Character:: Why Tocqueville’s Brilliant Exploration of the American Spirit is as Vital and Important Today as It Was nearly Two Hundred Years Ago (NY: St. Martin’s Press, 2000).

Lefort, Claude, Reversibility: political freedom and the freedom of the individual, in Democracy and Political Theory 165-182 (St. Paul: University of Minnesota Press, 1988).

Legros, Robert, Aron lecteur de Tocqueville, 8 Le messager european 49 (1994).

Legros, Robert, Tocqueville, la démocratie en questions (Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2008)(Cahiers de philosophie de l’Université de Caen; 44).

Lerner, Max, Magisterial imagination: six masters of the human sciences (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1994). Includes discussion of Aristotle, Macchiavelli, Tocqueville, Mill, Veblen, Holmes.

Lerner, Max, Tocqueville’s Democracy in America: Politics, Law, and the Elites, 25(4) The Antioch Review 543-563 (Winter 1965/1966). This essay is part of an introduction to the George Lawrence translation of Democracy in America, published in 1966.

Lerner, Renee Lettow,  The Surprising Views of Montesquieu and Tocqueville about Juries: Juries Empower Judges, 81 Louisiana Law Review 1 (2020).

Leroy, Maxime, Histoire des idees sociales en France (Paris: Gallimard, 1946, repr. 1954)(Bibliothèque des idées). Volume 2: De Babeuf à Tocqueville

Levin, Yuval, Democracy and  Human Nature: Lawler and Tocqueville on the Modern Individual, 37(3) Perspectives on Political Science 142-146 (Summer 2008).

Levy, Jacob T., Federalism, Liberalism, and the Separation of Loyalties.

Liberty and learning; essays in honour of Sir James Hight (Robin Sutcliffe Allan ed.; Christchurch, New Zealand: Whitcombe and Tombs, 1950). Includes L. C. Webb, A note on Alexis de Tocqueville.

Lieber, S., De Tocqueville and Lieber as Writers on Political Science, 30 The Princeton Review 621-645 (October 1858).

Lin Bin, Crisis of Modernity and Political Politics: A Tocquevillean Redemption, Peking University Law Review (2008-02).

Lindahl, Folke, Tocqueville’s civil discourse: a postmodernist reading (Uppsala: Swedish Institute for North American Studies, Uppsala University Faculty of Arts, 1994)(Uppsala North American Studies Reports; 10).

Lively, Jack, The social and political thought of Alexis de Tocqueville (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962).

Lom, Petr, Alexis de Tocqueville: The Psychologist of Equality

Lomenie, Louis de, Esquisses historiques et littéraires (Paris: Calmann Levy, 1879). Includes essay, Alexis de Tocqueville (1859).

Loughlin, Martin, Judicial Independence and Judicial Review in Constitutional Democracies: A Note on Hamilton and Tocqueville, in Effective Judicial Review: A Cornerstone of Good Governance 9 (Christopher Forsyth, Mark Elliott, Swati Jhaveri, Michael Ramsden, and Anne Scully eds.; Oxford University Press, 2010).

Lucas, Paul, From aristocracy to democracy: a study of Alexis de Tocqueville (Honors thesis, Brandeis University, 1955).

Lukacs, John, Alexis de Tocqueville, in European Writers 893-911 (NY: Scribner, 1985).

Lund, Nelson, Montesquieu, Judicial Degeneracy, and the United States Supreme Court, George Mason Law & Economic Research Paper, No. 09-12.

Marczewski, Paweł, Ancient Threats to Modern Liberties. Tocqueville and the Contemporary Debate between Republicans and Liberals, 17(3) Ethical Perspectives 449-474 (2010).

MacFarlane, Alan, Alexis de Tocqueville’s Life and Vision, in The Riddle of the Modern World: Of Liberty, Wealth, and Equality  153-166 (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000).

Macfarlane, Alan, The Riddle of the Modern World: Of Liberty, Wealth, and Equality (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 2000). On Montesquieu, Adam Smith, Tocqueville, and Gellner.

Maguire, Matthew William, The Conversion of Enlightenment (Dissertation, Harvard University, 1999).

Maguire, Matthew William, The Conversion of Imagination: From Pascal Through Rousseau to Tocqueville (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006). Based on the author’s dissertation.

Mahoney, Daniel J., III, Tocqueville and Socialism, in Tocqueville’s Defense of Human Liberty (Peter Augustine Lawler and Joseph Alulis, eds.; Garland Publishing, 1993).

Maletz, Donald J., Tocqueville on the Society of Liberties, 63(3) The Review of Politics 461-483 (Summer 2001).

Maletz, D. J., Tocqueville’s Tyranny of the Majority Reconsidered, 64(3) Journal of Politics 741-763 (August 2002).

Maletz, Donald J., The Union as Idea: Tocqueville on the American Constitution, 19 History of Political Thought 599 (1998).

Manent, Pierre, Tocqueville and the nature of democracy (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996). Translation of Tocqueville et la nature de la democratie.

Manent, Pierre, Tocqueville et la nature de la democratie (Paris: Juillard, 1982)(Commentaire Juillard).

Manent, Pierre, Tocqueville et la nature de la democratie (Paris: Fayard, 1993)(L’ésprit de la cité).

Manent, Pierre, Tocqueville, Political Philosopher, in The Cambridge Companion To Tocqueville (Cheryl B. Welch, ed.; Cambridge University Press, 2006).


Marienstras, Elise and Naomi Wulf, French Translations and Reception of the Declaration of Independence another link.

Marczewski, Paweł, Kukła demokracji, karzeł religii. Tocqueville i problem teologiczno-polityczny,  3(4) Horyzonty Polityki  75-88 (2012).  English title: A Dwarf of Democracy and Puppet of Religion: Tocqueville and the Theologico-Political Problem.

Marczewski, Paweł, Uczynić wolność nieuchronną. Wątki republikańskie w myśli Alexisa de Tocqueville’a (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IFiS PAN, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2012).  English title: To make freedom inevitable. The republican threads in Alexis de Tocqueville’s thought.

Martin, John, Alexis de Tocqueville Revisited: Kammen Discusses Democracy in AmericaLC Information Bulletin, December 1997.

Mayer, Jakob Peter, Tocqueville as Political Sociologist, 1 Political Studies: The Journal of the Political Science Association of the United Kingdom 132-142 (1953).

McCoy, Matthew, The Politics of the Particular: Tocqueville’s Critique of Rationalism, APSA 2012 Annual Meeting Paper.

McLendon, Michael, The Politics of Sour Grapes: Sartre, Elster, and Tocqueville on Emotions and Politics.  SSRN Working Paper.

McLendon, Michael, Tocqueville, Jansenism, and the Psychology of Freedom, 50(3) American Journal of Political Science 664 (July 2006).

McWilliams, Susan Jane, Stranger Wisdom: Travel and the Origins of Political Knowledge (Dissertation, Princeton University, 2006).

Meaglia, Piero, Tocqueville e il problema della democrazia, 1(3) Teoria politica 41-70 (1985).

Melonio, Françoise, Tocqueville “pessimiste public”? 18(61) Romantisme 5-18 (1988).

Milhau, C., La tyrannie de la majorité [chez Tocqueville et Ortega y Gasset]

Milihk, Arthur Yakov, Tocqueville on the Political and Intellectual Effects of the Tyranny of the Majority (Honors thesis, Emory University, 2009). Embargoed until June 7, 2015.


Mitchell, Harvey, America After Tocqueville: Democracy Against Difference (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Mitchell, Harvey, The changing conditions of freedom: Tocqueville in the light of Rousseau, 9(3) History of Political Thought 431-453 (1988).

Miller, Robert G., Comparing the Annual Shareholders Meeting in the United States With That in Germany–Use of Yankee Concepts of Due Process Discerned by Alexis de Tocqueville, 19 New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law 1-161 (1999).

Mitchell, Joshua, Tocqueville in Arabia: Dilemmas in a Democratic Age (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013).

Moillo, Irene, Les Grands penseurs politiques de Machiavel à Tocqueville (Paris: Ellipses Marketing, 1998)(Ellipses)(Vade-mecum).

Molas, Isidre, Alexis de Tocqueville: the traditionalist roots of democracy (Barcelona: Institut de Ciencies Politiques i Socials, 1990)(Working Papers; 9).

Molnár, Attila K., Tocqueville and the Democratic Churning, in Tocquevillian Ideas: Contemporary European Perspectives 79-98 (Zbigniew Rau and Marek Tracz-Tryniecki eds.; Lanham: University Press of America, 2014).

Monga, Celestin, Uncivil Societies: A Theory of Sociopolitical Change (2009)(World Bank Policy Research Working Paper; 4942).

Morimoto, Shauna A., Naturalizing Gender Inequality: An Examination of Tocqueville and Participatory Politics (Master’s thesis, University of Wisconsin, 2002).

Murphy, Christopher Gaelan, The Hegelian Compromise: Globalization, Justice, and the Modern State (Dissertation, Georgetown University, 2007).

Murphy, Christopher Gaelen, Tocqueville’s Liberalism: Politics Is Not Economics, APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN.

Murphy, William, Tocqueville in New York: The Formulation of the Egalitarian Thesis, 61(1/2) 69-79 (1977).

Neal, Phil C. and Louis H. Pollak, De Tocqueville and the Role of the Lawyer in Society, 50 Marquette Law Review 607 (June 1967).

Neem, Johann N., Tocqueville, Violence, and the Contemporary Crisis of American Partnership, Tocqueville 21, July 28, 2021. 

Negro, Dalmacio, Tocqueville y Stuart Mill, 19 Revista de Occidente 103-114 (1967).

Nelson, Eric, Coda: Tocqueville and the Greeks, in The Greek Tradition in Republican Thought 234-251 (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Nisbet, Robert, Lamennais and Tocqueville, in The Unbought Grace of Life: Essays in Honor of Russell Kirk 247-257 (NY? Sugden & Co., 1994).

Nisbet, Robert, Many Tocquevilles, 46 The American Scholar 59-75 (Winter 1976/1977).

Nisbet, Robert, Tocqueville’s Ideal Types, in Reconsidering Tocqueville’s Democracy in America 171-191 (Abraham S. Eisenstadt, ed.; New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1988).

Nisbet, Robert, Twilight of Authority (Liberty Fund, 2000). Reprint. Various editions available.

No, Chae-bong, The foundations of Alex de Tocqueville’s political thought (Dissertation, New York University, 1967; repr. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1968).

Nord, David Paul, Tocqueville, Garrison and the Perfection of Journalism, 13(2) Journalism History 56-63 (1986).

Norton, Charles Eliot, Alexis de TocquevilleAtlantic Monthly, November 1861, at 551-557. Reprinted by Phillip, Sampson & Co., Boston, 1861.

O’Donnell, Guillermo, The Judiciary and the Rule of Law, 11 Journal of Democracy 25 (2000).
Olgiati, Giancarlo, Attualita di Tocqueville: La compatibilita fra liberalismo e democrazia, 32(4) Cenobio 327-338 (October/December 1983).

Osorio de Rebellon Yohn, Alfonso, Garantias para la libertad en la societad democratica. El Pensamiento politico de Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, Universidad de Navarra, 2002).

Ossewaarde, Marinus R. R., Democratic Threats and Threats to Democracy, in  Reading Tocqueville: From Oracle to Actor 90-111 (R. Geenens and A. de Rijn, eds.; London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007).

Ossewaard, Marinus R. R., Tocqueville’s Anti-burgers en de Europese Identiteit de ‘homo Europeaus als Zoön politikon,’ in Tocqueville, Profeet van de Moderne Democratie 181-203 (Rotterdam: Lemniscaat, 2013).

Ossewaarde, Mariuns R. R., Tocqueville’s Moral and Political Thought: New Liberalism (London & New York: Routledge, 2004).

Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R., Tocqueville on Citizen Participation, in Tocquevillian Ideas: Contemporary European Perspectives 59-78 (Zbigniew Rau and Marek Tracz-Tryniecki eds..; Lanham: University Press of America, 2014).

Ostrom, Vincent, The Meaning of Democracy and the Vulnerability of Democracies: A Response to Tocqueville’s Challenge (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997).

Pan Xiao-jun, From Tocqueville To Habermas: Seeking the Social Base of Rule By Law, Legal Forum 2005-03.

Patapan, Haig, Melancholy and Amnesia: Tocqueville’s Influence on Australian Democratic Theory, 49 Australian Journal of Politics and History 1-16 (March 2003).

Palombino, Francesco, La teoria politica di Alexis de Tocqueville: tra rivoluzione e restaurazione (Napoli, Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 1996)(Filosofia e città. Monografie; 6).

Pappé, H. O., Mill and Tocqueville, 25 Journal of the History of Ideas 217-234 (1964).

Pearce, Colin D., Aristocratic Writers and New Continents: Lawrence and Tocqueville on Democracy, 5(2) Rananim: The Journal of the D.H. Lawrence Society of Australia– (1997).

Pease, Donald, José Marti, Alexis de Tocqueville, and the Politics of Displacement, in José Marti’s Our America—From National to Hemispheric Cultural Studies 27-57 (Jeffrey Belnap and Raúl Fernandez eds.; Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998).

Pecora, Gaetano, Democrazia e religione nel pensiero di TocquevilleMondoperaio, June/July 1991, at 89-101.

Pels, Dick, Elster’s Tocqueville: Some Critical Remarks, 3(3) Rationality and Society 298-307 (1991).

La pensée juridique d’Alexis de Tocqueville: Actes du colloque organisé le 13 novembre 2003 par le centre éthique et procédures de la faculté de droit de Douai, Université d’Artois (Arras: Artois Presses Université, 2005)(Droit et sciences économiques).

Pitts, Jennifer Gaston, Empire and Democracy: Tocqueville and the Algeria Question, 8(3) Journal of Political Philosophy 295-318 (September 2000).

Pitts, Jennifer, A Turn To Empire: The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005).

Pommereau, Laurence, L’Individualisme chez Benjamin Constant et Alexis de Tocqueville (Paris: S.n., 1995)(Memoire de DEA: Science Politique/Paris II; Session de 1995).

Pope, Whitney, The Search For Freedom (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1999).

Pope, Whitney and Lucetta Pope, Alexis de Tocqueville: His Social and Political Theory (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1986)(Masters of social theory; 4).

Pranger, Robert J., Tocqueville and Political Ambivalence, 2 Studies in Romanticism 129 (1963).

Prelot, Marcel, Le fait democratique: Alexis de Tocqueville, in Histoire des idees politiques 459-465 (Paris: Dalloz, 1961).

Price, Eileen McDonagh, Causal Models of American Political Development: Alexis de Tocqueville and Frederick Jackson Turner (Dissertation, Harvard University, 1972).

Unlimited power is in itself a bad and dangerous thing; human beings are not competent to exercise it with discretion;

and God alone can be omnipotent, because his wisdom and his justice are always equal to his power.

Alexis de Tocqueville, American Institutions and Their Influence 261 (A.S. Barnes & Co. 1854)




Ramel, Stig, Utan revolution ingen Tocqueville, in William Odelberg, Stig Ramel pa prant: bibliografi 1958-1991 (Stockholm: Nobelstiftelsen, 1992).

Rao, Neomi, A Backdoor to Policy Making: The Use of Philosophers by the Supreme Court, 65 University of Chicago Law Review 1371(1998). Discusses use of Tocqueville by Supreme Court in one judicial decision.

Rau, Hans Arnold, Tocquevilles Theorie des politischen Handelns. Demokratie zwischen Verwaltungsdespotismus und Republik (Würzberg: Neumann, 1981).

Rau,  Zbigniew, Alexis de Tocqueville in Doktryny polityczne XIX i XX wieku 32-40 (Krystyna Chojnicka and Wieslawa Kozuba Ciembroniewicz ed., Kraków 2000)

Reeves, Richard, American Journey: Traveling with Tocqueville in Search of Democracy in America (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1983).

Regan, Mary Jane, The Republic of Leisure in American Intellectual and Popular Thought, 1876-1910 (Dissertation, Georgetown University, 1996).

Reinhardt, Mark, The Art of Being Free: Taking Liberties with Tocqueville, Marx, and Arendt (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997).

Reis, Helena Esser dos,Miradas – Democracia e miséria na obra de Tocqueville – Entrevista com Helena Esser dos Reis.

Reis, Helena Esser dos, Pensar a democracia em companhia de Rousseau e Tocqueville, 16 doispontos 14-23 (August 2019).

Rémusat, Charles de, De l’Esprit de Réaction: Royer-Collard et Tocqueville, 35 Revue des Deux Mondes — (1861). 

Rémusat, Charles de, De l’Esprit de Réaction: Royer-Collard et Tocqueville, 35 Revue des Deux Mondes — (1861) (reprinted by CreateSpace 2017).

Revedin, Anton Marino, Tocqueville e Rousseau : malinere, conia e utopia (Trieste: Proxima Scientific Press, 1992).

Richter, Melvin, Comparative Political Analysis in Montesquieu and Tocqueville, 1(2) Comparative Politics 129-160 (1969).

Richter, Melvin, Tocqueville and Guizot on Democracy: From a Type of Society To a Political Regime, 30 History of European Ideas 61-82 (2004).

Richter, Melvin, Tocqueville’s Contributions to the Theory of Revolution, in Revolution: Yearbook — (Carl J. Friedrich ed.; NY: Atherton Press, 1966)(Nomos; 8).

Richter, Melvin, Tocqueville On Threats To Liberty In Democracies, in The Cambridge Companion To Tocqueville (Cheryl B. Welch, ed.; Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Richter, Melvin, The Uses of Theory: Tocqueville’s Adaptation of Montesquieu, in Essays in Theory and History 74-102 (Melvin Richter ed., Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970).

Richter, Melvin, and Peter Baehr, Dictatorship in History and Theory: Bonapartism, Caesarism, and Totalitarism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)(Publications of the German Institute).

Rieger, Helmut, The problem of democracy in the political thought of Alexis De Tocqueville (Master’s thesis, University of Notre Dame, 1965).

Riemer, Neal, Alexis de Tocqueville and the American Character: The Problem of Reconciling Excellence and Consent, 31(1) Publius 27-35 (Winter 2001).

Rizzi, Lino, Tocqueville: il liberalismo e le ambiguità della democrazia, 578(2201) Nuova Antologia 108-131 (1997).

Riviale, Philippe, Tocqueville et l’intranquillite (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1997)(Collection L’ouverture philosophique).

Rocher, Guy, Le droit et les jurists dans une société libre et democratique, selon Alexis de Tocqueville, 28 La Revue Juridique Thémis 1011-1034 (1994).

Rocher, Guy, Le droit et les juristes dans une  “société libre et démocratique”, selon Alexis de Tocqueville , in Mélanges Jean Beetz901-1924 (Montreal: Ed. Thémis, 1995) (Jean Beetz Collection).

Rohmer, Frank J., Liberty and the Family in the Political Philosophy of Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Tocqueville (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1986).

Roland-Marcel, Pierre René, Essai politique sur Alexis de Tocqueville: avec un grand nombre de documents inedits (Paris: F. Alcan, 1910)(Bibliotheque d’histoire contemporaine).

Ros, Juan Manuel, El concepto de democracia en Tocqueville (Una lectura filosófico-politica de la Democracia en América)(Dissertation, Universidad Jaume I de Castellón, España, 2000).

Ros, Juan  Manuel, Los dilemas de la democracia liberal: Sociedad civil y democracia en Tocqueville. (Barcelona: Edicion Crítica, 2001).

Rosen, Jeffrey, I-Commerce: Tocqueville, the Internet, and the Legalized Self, 70 Fordham Law Review 1-15 (October 2001).

Rota Ghibaudi, Silvia. I percorsi della politica: teoria e realta : epistemologia, storia e scienza politica in Tocqueville, Ferrari e Mosca (Milano: FrancoAngeli, 1996)(Collana “Gioele Solari” / Dipartimento di studi politici dell’Universita di Torino; 21).

Rousseliere, Genevieve, Freedom and the State in the Age of Market Economy: French Republicanism From Montesquieu to Tocqueville (Dissertation, Princeton University, 2011).

Roviello, Anne-Marie, Ce que pensait Tocqueville de jury populaire, Obsevatoire citoyen, March 1, 2006.

Sabetti, Filippo, The Challenge of Reform in France, Italy and Spain

Sainte-Beuve, Charles Augustin, Thomas Jefferson et Tocqueville (Princeton: Princeton University Press for the Institut français de Washington, 1943)(Petite bibliotheque americaine. Institut français de Washington).

Salomon, Tocqueville’s Philosophy of Freedom, 1 Review of Politics 400-431 (October 1939).

Samuels, Robert Martin, Democracy and Liberty in the Thought of Alexis de Tocqueville (Dissertation, Harvard University, 1978).

Sanders, Luk, Tocquevilles vivisectie van de democratie, 74(3) Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 533-560 (2012).

Satz, Debra, Tocqueville, Commerce, and Democracy, in The Idea of Democracy 64-70 (D. Copp, J. Hampton and J. E. Roemer, eds.; Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Sauquillo, Julián, Una radiografía del conformismo actual, 119 Claves de Razón Prática 48-53 (January-February 2002). Discussion of Juan Manuel Ros, Los dilemmas de la democracia liberal (2001); comparison with philosophy of Tocqueville.

Schapiro, J. S., Alexis de Tocqueville, Pioneer of Democratic Liberalism in France, 57 Political Science Quarterly 545-563 (December 1942).

Schaefer, David Lewis, Montaigne, Tocqueville, and the Politics of Skepticism, 31 Perspectives on Political Science 204 (2002).

Schemann, Ludwig, Alexis de Tocqueville: Vortrag gehalten in der Kulturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Freiburg i.B. am 9. Marz 1911 (Stuttgart: Fr. Frommanns Verlag, 1911). One microfilm reel, New York Public Library.

Schleifer, James T., The Making of Tocqueville’s Democracy in America (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1980).

Schleifer, James T., The Making of Tocqueville’s Democracy in America (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1999).

Schleifer, James T., Tocqueville and Centralization: Four Previously Unpublished Manuscripts,, 58 (1/2) Yale University Library Gazette 29-39 (1983).

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., Individualism and Apathy in Tocqueville’s Democracyin Reconsidering Tocqueville’s Democracy in America 94-109  (Abraham S. Eisenstadt, ed.; New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press,  1988).

Schut, Melvin Leonard, Tocqueville on Liberty (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 2007).

Scott, Carl Eric, The Inconstant Democratic Character: A Comparison of Plato’s “Republic” and Tocqueville’s “Democracy in America” (Dissertation, Fordham University, 2009).

Sennett, Richard, What Tocqueville Feared, 46 Partisan Review 406 (1979).

Sennett, Richard, What Tocqueville Feared, in On the Making of Americans: Essays in Honor of David Riesman 105-125 (Herbert J. Gans, Nathan Glazer, Joseph R. Gusfield, and Christopher Jencks, eds.; Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979).

Servoise, René, Tocqueville et Karl Marx Visionnaires, 10 Tocqueville Review 229-237 (1989/1990). “Tocqueville and Karl Marx: Visionaries.”

Sheehan, James, Tocqueville’s Europe (Falls Church, VA: Landmark Video, n.d.)(Europe and America in the Modern Age, 1776 to the present; pt. 3).

Shelley, Trevor, Liberalism and Globalization: An Essay on Montesquieu, Tocqueville, and Manent (Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 2014).

Shelley, Trevor, Globalization and Liberalism: Montesquieu, Tocqueville, and Manent (University of Notre Dame Press, 2020).

Skocpol, Theda, The Tocqueville Problem: Civic Engagement in American Democracy, 21(4) Social Science History 455-479 (Winter 1997).

Skrzypalik, Paweł, Rozdwojenie jaźni. Apostoł Tocqueville i marginesy imperium, 1 Res Politica et Historica – (January 2009).  English translation of the title: Split personality. The apostle Tocqueville and the margins of the empire. Available at

Smith, Brian A., Smith and Tocqueville on the Commercial Ethos, 13(1) Journal of Markets & Morality, 29-44 (2010).

Smith, Bruce James, Politics & remembrance: republican themes in Machiavelli, Burke, and Tocqueville (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985)(Series: Studies in moral, political, and legal philosophy).

Smith, Bruce James, Politics and the Chain of Remembrance: A Study in Political Action (Dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, 1983).

Smith, Clifford Brantley, Tocqueville’s Civil Republicanism: The Balance Between Equality and Liberty in American Democracy (Master’s thesis, Portland State University, 1998).

Smith, Dennis, Capitalist democracy on trial : the transatlantic debate from Tocqueville to the present (London and NY: Routledge, 1990).

Smith, Louis,  Alexis de Tocqueville and Public Administration, 2(3) Public Administration Review 221-239 (Summer 1942).

Sobolewska, Barbara, Tocqueville pośród moralistów politycznych Francji pierwszej połowy XIX wieku,  23(1) Czasopismo Prawno Historyczne 57-110 (1970). Translation of article title: Tocqueville among political moralists in France in the first half of the nineteenth century.

Sorgi, Giuseppe, Per uno studio della partecipazione politica: Hobbes, Locke, Tocqueville (Lecce: Milella, 1981).

Spiropoulos, Andrew C. Tocqueville and the American Amalgam, 11 Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 103 (2013).


Spitz, David, On Tocqueville and the “Tyranny” of Public Sentiment, 9 Political Science 3 (1957).

Stilborn, John Alexander, Tocqueville and the Idea of Revolution (Dissertation, University of Western Ontario, 1979).

Strong, Tracy, Seeing Differently and Seeing Further: Rousseau and Tocqueville, in Friends and Citizens: Essays in Honor of Wilson Carey McWilliams 97-122 (Peter Dennis Bathory and Nancy Lynn Schwartz eds., Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001).

Strout, Cushing, The Aristocratic Democrat, 111(2) Sewanee Review 328 (Spring 2003).

Suhr, Heiko, Alexis de Tocqueville: Über das Verhältnis der Freiheit und Gleicheit: Studienarbeit (GRIN Verlag, 2008).

Swedberg, Richard, Tocqueville’s Political Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

Takeda, Junko, Dilemmas of Liberalism: Alexis de Tocqueville on Race and Civilization (1998).

Taupier, Michel, La Decentralisation dans l’oeuvre d’Alexis de Tocqueville (Rennes: Imprimirie Reunies, 1967). Previously published in 28 Travaux juridiques et economiques de l’Université de Rennes 1967.

Terekhov, V. I., Kontseptsiia iskliuchitel’nosti partiino-politicheskoi sistemy soedinennykj shtatov v rabotakh A. Tokvilia, Dsh. Braisa i M. Ostrogorskogo, 1981(5) Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriia 8: Istoriia 30-44. A. Tocqueville, J. Bryce, and M. Ostrogorski].

Tesini, Mario, Tocqueville tra destra e sinistra (Roma: Lavoro, 1997)(Origami; 4).

Tessitore, Aristide, Alexis de Tocqueville on the Natural State of Religion in the Age of Democracy, 64 The Journal of Politics 1137-1162 (November 2002).

Tessitore, Aristide, Tocqueville and Gobineau on the Nature of Modern Politics, 67(4) Review of Politics 631-657 (Fall 2005).

Textes économiques. Anthologie critique (Jean-Louis Benoît et Éric Keslassy, Université du Québec á Chicoutimi, 2009) (Les Classiques des sciences sociales). Tocqueville’s text with analytical notes by the editors.

Thody, Philip Malcolm Waller, The conservative imagination (NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1993). Includes Edmund Burke and Alexis De Tocqueville, at 41-62.

Thomson, William E., Liberalism and the limits of justice: Tocqueville’s reflections on nobility and spiritual decline (Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1996).

Tillery, Alvin B., Jr., Tocqueville as Critical Race Theorist: Whiteness as Property, Interest Convergence, and the Limits of Jacksonian Democracy, 62(4) Political Research Quarterly 639-652 (December 2009).

Tocqueville e la crisi delle post-democrazie (Emma Baglioni ed.; Teramo Dip. di Storia e Critica della Politica, Universita degli Studi di Terma, 2007), at 239-498 (Trimestre; 39,3/4).

Tocqueville no seizi siso: seiji ni okeru chisei (Koichi Ogawa ed.; Tokyo, Buktakusha, 1975).

Tocqueville, profeet van der moderne democratie (Andreas Kinneging, Paul De Hert, and Stefan Somers, eds.; Rotterdam: Lemniscaat, 2013).

Contains Andreas Kinneging, Paul De Hert, and Stefan Somers, Tocqueville, profeet van de moderne democratie; Albert Jan Kruiter, De actualiteit van het milde despotism; Patrick Stouthuysen, Een relatieve buitenstaander in de sociologie; Paul De Hert and Stefan Somers, De alledaagse democratisering; Dave De Ruysscher, De historien philosophique; Andreas Kinneging, De classicist; Ringo Ossewaarde, Homo Europaeus als zoön politikon; Luk Sanders, Democratie en religie; Frank Ankersmit, Democratie en stijl; Willem WItteveen, Drie reisgenoten: Pascal, Montesquieu, Rousseau; Melvin Schut, Vrijheid en menselijke waardigheid; Jean-Marc Piret, Religie, zelfbestuur en tirannie van de meerderheid; Jozef Waanders, Tocqueville en Burke; Coen Brummer, Over pauperisme en armenzorg.

Tocqueville und das Zeitalter der Revolution (München: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, 1972)(Nymphenburger Texte zur Wissenschaft. Modelluniversität; 4).

Todorov, Tzvetan, Tocqueville, in On Human Diversity: Nationalism, racism and Exoticism in French Thought 191 (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1993)(Convergences: Inventories of the Present).

Todorov, Tzvetan, Tocqueville’s Nationalism, 4 History and Anthropology 357 (April 1990).

Tokuviru to demokurashi (Takeshi Nakatani ed.; Tokyo: Ochanomizu Shobo, 1974)(Shimin shakai sosho; 5).

Tracz-Tryniecki, Marek, Alexisa de Tocqueville’a uwagi o prawie, 7 Studia Iuridica Lublinensia 221-234 (2006). English translation: Alexis de Tocqueville’s Remarks on Law.

Tracz-Tryniecki, Marek, Demokratyczna arystokracja: Alexis de Tocqueville o miejscu prawników w demokracji, 8 Studia Iuridica Lublinensia 149-165 (2006). English translation: Democratic aristocracy: Alexis de Tocqueville on the lawyer’s place in democracy.

Tracz-Tryniecki, Marek, Myśl polityczna i prawna Alexisa de Tocqueville (Krakow:  Księgarnia Akademicka (2009). English translation: Political and Legal Thought of Alexis de Tocqueville.

Tracz-Tryniecki, Marek, Natural Law in Tocqueville’s Thought, 11 Journal of Markets & Morality 27-40 (2008). Summary only; complete access requires subscription. 

Tracz-Tryniecki, Marek, Tocqueville on Crisis, 15 (1)  Journal of Markets & Morality 65-88 (2012).

Trinidad Mas, Luis M., Los movimientos revolucionarios segun Alexis de Tocqueville. El rol del estado moderno en el proceso de cambio social: Hegel. Tipologias weberianas y la teoria de modernizacion. Liderato, masas y el cambio social (Unpublished manuscript, 1971). Presented in the “Seminario sobre Teorias de Cambio Social y la Administracion Publica (A. P. 570), Prof. Sr. Jose Gustavo Alcala.”

Tyler, Samuel, De Tocqueville and Lieber as writers on political science, 30 Princeton Review 621-645 (October 1858).

Van De Putte, André, Tocqueville and the Liberal Res Publica, 17(3) Ethical Perspectives 475-495 (2010).
Van Heyningen, Kristen Diane, Religion: Tocqueville’s Prescription For What Ails Democracy. (Paper submitted to a conference at the Marty Center, the University of Chicago, September 2003).

VanZandt, Diane, Alexis de Tocqueville on the nature of equality (Bachelor’s thesis, University of Southern Mississippi, 1974).

Vatamaniuc, D., Eminescu si Tocqueville, 24(3) Luceafarul 2 (January 17, 1981). Comparison of Mihai Eminescu and Alexis de Tocqueville.

Villa, Dana, Tocqueville and Civil Society, in The Cambridge Companion to Tocqueville (Cheryl B. Welch, ed.; Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Villa, Dana, Hegel, Tocqueville, and “Individualism,” 67(4) Review of Politics 659-686 (Autumn 2005).

Volkmann-Schluck, Karl Heinz, Politische Philosophie: Thukydides, Kant, Tocqueville (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 1974).

Von Heyking, John F., Friendship in Democracy and in Tocqueville’s DemocracyAvailable for download via SSRN.

Vossler, Otto, Alexis de Tocqueville: Freiheit und Gleichheit (Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Klostermann, 1973).

Wade, L. L., Tocqueville and Public Choice, 47(3) Public Choice 491-508 (1985).

Waisman, Carlos, Autonomy, Self-Regulation, and Democracy: Tocquevillian-Gellnerian Perspectives on Civil Society and the Bifurcated State In Latin America, in Civil Society and Democracy In Latin America 35 (Richard Feinberg, Carlos H. Waisman, and Leon Zamosc, eds.; Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

Wandowicz, Konrad,  Wspólnota a jednostka. Idea solidarności w myśli politycznej Alexisa de Tocqueville’a,  in  Ideologia, doktryny i ruch polityczny współczesnego liberalizmu 89-108 (Edward Olszewski and Zenon Tymoszuk ed., Lublin: 2004). Translation of essay title: Community and Individual: The Idea of Solidarity in the Political Thought of Alexis de Tocqueville.

Wang Xiao-zhang, Tocqueville on Democracy, Freedom, and Religion, Journal of Zhejiang University, 2002-2004.

Watsky, Benjamin, New World Order: Tocqueville on European and American Democracy 1 Yale Historical Review 30 (Spring 2011).

Watson, George, Tocqueville and the Burden of Liberty, 28(3) The Hudson Review 365 (Autumn 1985).

Watson, P. J. and R. J. Morris, Individualist and Collectivist Values: Hypotheses Suggested by Alexis de Tocqueville, 136 (3) Journal of Psychology 263-271 (May 2002).

Weintraub, Jeff Alan, Virtue, Community, and the Sociology of Liberty: The Notion of Republican Virtue and its Impact on Modern Western Social Thought (Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1979).

Welch, Cheryl B., Colonial Violence and the Rhetoric of Evasion: Tocqueville on Algeria, 31(2) Political Theory 235-264 (April 2003). Includes discussion of his thought on imperialism.

Wells, C. Richard, Alexis de Tocqueville and Oprah, Or, the Matter of Opinion

Whedbee, Karen, Authority, Freedom and Liberal Judgment: The Presumptions and Presumptuousness of Whately, Mill and Tocqueville, 84(2) Quarterly Journal of Speech 171-189 (May 1998).

Whiteside, Kerry, Urbanisation and the Genealogy of Freedom in Marx and Tocqueville, 15 History of European Ideas 473-479 (1992).

Whittington, Keith, Revisiting Tocqueville’s America: Society, Politics, and Association in the Nineteenth Century, in Beyond Tocqueville: Civil Society and Social Capital in Comparative Perspective 21 (Hanover: University Press of New Hampshire for Tufts University, 1998)(Civil Society: Contemporary and Historical Perspectives).Revised from an article of the same name in the American Behavioral Scientist (same date).

Winthrop, Delba, Tocqueville on Federalism,  6(3) Publius 93-115 (1976).

Woldring, Henk E. S., State and Civil Society in the Political Philosophy of Alexis de Tocqueville, 9 Voluntas 363-373 (December 1998).

Wood, W. Kirk, Alexis de Tocqueville and the Myth of Democracy in America, 5(3/4) Southern Studies (New Series) 1-18 (Fall/Winter 1994).

Wudel, Darcy Edwin, Tocqueville’s Statecraft of Decentralization (Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1996).

Yellott, Jack, Tocqueville, Judge Hand, and the American Legal Mind, 38 South Dakota Law Review 100-129 (1993).

Zanfarino, Antonio, Alexis de Tocqueville politico e moralista, 5(1) Studi Politici 33-44 (1957?)

Zeitlin, Irving M., Liberty, equality, and revolution in Alexis de Tocqueville (Boston: Little, Brown, 1971).

Zetterbaum, Marvin, Tocqueville and the problem of democracy (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1967).

Zetterbaum, Marvin, Tocqueville and the problem of democracy (Ann Arbor, UMI Out-of-Print Books on Demand, 1989). Reprint of the 1967 Stanford University Press edition.

Zhang, Xi-he, Overpass Democracy: A Study of the Democracy Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville, Journal of Henan Normal University, 2000-05.

Żmuda,  M., Wolność a demokracja: rozważania polityczne Alexisa de Tocqueville, a, 7 Casus 23-28 (1998) Translation of article title: Freedom and democracy: political deliberations of Alexis de Tocqueville.